Zavod Inštitut za elektronsko participacijo - INePA

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E-Participation in Southeast European countries is very low

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FORSEE SWOT analysis of ICT related aspects and key trends in eGovernment in the Southeast European countries in the last 5 years shows that Human Capital is the major strength of the eGovernment development in the region, but e-Participation is very low.

The Regional ICT RTD Foresight Open Consultation event that took place on 21 January in Ljubljana, gathered national and regional experts from Policy, Academia and Industry Stakeholders in the fields of Digital content, e-Health and e-Government providing input that will be utilized to draw a regional picture of the future of ICT RDI in the SEE region. This event was a final in the regional pilot foresight exercise.

FORSEE SWOT analysis of the E-Government domain also included data from a recent UN eGovernment survey that ranks Austria and Slovenia as leaders in eGovernment development in South Eastern Europe; at the same time Bulgaria and Romania are ranked very low, below Serbia and Montenegro that are not EU members yet. The gap among the countries is quite considerable, given that Austria is ranked 21st and is 41 places higher compared to Romania that is ranked. Human resources and E-readiness indexes for all the target countries are relevantly high while the e-Participation index is quite low. The e-Participation Index assesses the quality and usefulness of information and services provided by a country for the purpose of engaging its citizens in public policy making through the use of eGovernment programs. As such it is indicative of both the capacity and the willingness of the state to encourage its citizen, and to deliberative promote participatory decision-making in public policy, and of the reach of its own socially inclusive governance program (p. 18-19).

As a part of e-Government consultation, several eParticipation weaknesses in the SEE region were identified:
- E-participation measured through quality and usefulness of information and services is very low;
- limited e-Government use of social media - weak potential for government change;
- limited use of Open Government and open data approaches that can permit greater availability of government data for re-use and exploration of third countries;
- top down implemented e-government solutions for strengthening citizens participation (limited participatory design and absence of citizens sourcing based on social media usage).

Among eParticipation opportunities for the SEE region, creating government-citizens partnerships for enabling co-creation of e-governemnt by citizens and civil society was recognized as crucial by participating experts.

The event was organised under the framework of the Project "FORSEE – Regional ICT Foresight exercise for Southeast European countries" which targets ICT Research, Development and Innovation (RDI) policy reform in the SEE region through the introduction of a foresight culture and proposes the development of a sustainable foresight mechanism that will provide technological future orientation based on SEE competencies and exploitation of regional synergies and complementarities.

Additional information:

Centre for eGovernance Development for South East Europe (CeGD)

Jožef Stefan Institute (JSI)

Delakorda, Simon. 2011. Framing eDemocracy strategy for South East Europe. 9th Eastern European e|Gov Days. eGovernment in Times of Economic Challenges. Ljubljana, 8-10 May 2011.

Delakorda, Simon. 2010. Mapping eDemocracy in South East Europe: from UN eParticipation index to NGOs cases in Slovenia. 11th Bled Forum on Europe Foresight Conference. The Future of Information Society and Challenges for Good Governance. Bled, Slovenia, 11-12 March 2010.

O nas

Prispevamo k razvoju demokracije in sodelovanju javnosti z družbeno inovativno uporabo interneta. Zavod INePA (Inštitut za elektronsko participacijo) je prva profesionalna nevladna organizacija na področju razvoja demokracije in sodelovanja javnosti s pomočjo novih spletnih tehnologij. Inštitut deluje kot strokovni vir znanja, informacij in izkušenj ter kot priznana referenca za uspešno izvajanje kompleksnih partnerskih projektov na področju e-participacije in e-demokracije.

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